Skip to Main Content

Pet Care Blog

Common Reactions to Vaccines in Dogs

The benefits of having your dog vaccinated typically far outweigh the risk of reactions to the vaccines. That said, some dogs do react to getting their shots. Here's more from our Southeast Memphis vets on the most common reactions to vaccines in dogs, and what to do if your dog has a reaction.


Why should I get my dog vaccinated?

By making sure your dog is vaccinated early in life, and regularly as an adult, you provide them with the best chance at a long, healthy life. Diseases such as rabies, hepatitis, and parvovirus can be very serious and even fatal, particularly in puppies. Vaccines prevent these diseases from developing in the first place, which is always preferable to treating them once they exist in your pet.

Does my dog need all the available vaccines?

Your vet will consider the risk factors facing your dog based on your dog's breed, age and lifestyle, then advise you on which immunizations are suitable for your dog. 

What are the most common reactions to vaccines in dogs?

Adverse reactions are always possible with medical procedures, and vaccines are no different. For loving pet owners, seeing their pet have a reaction to vaccines can be upsetting but it's important to keep in mind that most reactions are mild and short-lived. Knowing what the signs of a reaction are and what you should do if your dog has a reaction can help to make vaccination time less stressful for both you and your dog.  

Lethargy

By far, the most common reaction dogs have to getting their shots is a general feeling of lethargy and discomfort, often accompanied by a mild fever. Many of us would describe this feeling as being 'off'. This reaction is your dog's immune system working well and responding to the vaccine appropriately. These mild symptoms are normal and should only last a day or two. If your dog isn't back to normal within a couple of days, contact your vet.

Lumps & Bumps

As with feeling 'off', lumps and bumps can be a common reaction to vaccinations in dogs. Following the vaccination, a small, firm bump may develop at the spot where the needle was injected into the skin or muscle, leaving the area somewhat tender. These bumps develop due to your dog's immune system rushing to resolve the localized irritation at the site. 

That said, any time that the skin is punctured there is a chance of infection. Be sure to keep an eye on the site where the injection was given. Look for signs of swelling, redness, discharge and pain. If left untreated, infected areas may lead to more serious conditions. If you notice the area becoming increasingly red or showing any of the symptoms listed above, contact your vet.

Sneezing & Cold Like Symptoms

While most vaccines are given by injection, the Bordetella bronchiseptica and parainfluenza virus vaccines are administered by drops or sprays into the dog's nose. Reactions to these vaccines can look much like a cold, and include coughing, sneezing and a runny nose. Most dogs recover from these symptoms within a day or two. If your dog is showing more severe symptoms or does not recover within a couple of days, it's time to call the vet.

Serious Reactions to Vaccinations

Most reactions associated with vaccines are short-lived and mild. Nonetheless, in a few rare cases, more severe reactions can occur and require immediate medical attention. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction characterized by facial swelling, vomiting, hives, itchiness, diarrhea, and breathing difficulties. Anaphylaxis typically occurs very soon after the dog receives the injection but may occur up to 48 hours after the vaccine has been administered. If your dog shows any of the symptoms listed above, call your vet immediately or contact your emergency veterinary clinic.

Can I prevent my dog from having a reaction? 

Vaccines help to protect the long term health of your dog, and the risk of your dog having a serious reaction to a vaccine is very low. 

That said, if your dog has had a previous reaction to a vaccine, it is important to inform your veterinarian. Your vet may advise you to skip a particular vaccination in future.

The risk of reactions to vaccinations increases somewhat when multiple vaccinations are given at one time. This can be particularly true in smaller dogs. To help reduce the risk of reactions, your vet may suggest getting your dog's shots over the course of several days rather than all at once.

To learn more about vaccinations and preventive healthcare for your dog, contact our Southeast Memphis vets today to book an appointment.

Reactions to vaccinations in dogs, Southeast Memphis vets

Looking for a vet in Southeast Memphis?

We're always accepting new patients, so contact our veterinary hospital today to book your pet's first appointment.

Contact Us

Related Articles View All

What is leptospirosis in dogs, and how is it treated?

Southwind Animal Hospital has recently seen an alarming increase in the number of dogs testing positive for leptospirosis. While this condition is typically seen in dogs it can easily be transmitted to the people who love them. Our Memphis vets discuss the symptoms of leptospirosis in dogs, and tips to protect your pet.

What is Kennel Cough in Dogs & What To Do if Your Dog is Coughing

Is your dog coughing or making a gagging sound that sounds a bit like the honk of a goose? If so, your pet may be suffering from kennel cough. Below, our Memphis vets discuss this highly contagious respiratory disease and what to do if your dog is coughing.

How Long Can You Leave a Cat Home Alone?

Cats may seem aloof, but evidence suggests that cats do get lonely, and of course, they need us to provide them with all the things they need to thrive. Here, our Memphis vets explain how long you can leave a cat alone, and give tips for keeping your cat safe and content while you are away.

What is parvo in dogs and what are the symptoms?

Parvovirus is a life-threatening condition that spreads extremely quickly among dogs, or through contact with items that are contaminated with the virus. Today, our Memphis vets share facts you should know about canine parvovirus.

Is constipation in dogs a big deal?

Constipation in dogs may seem like a minor problem but it can be life-threatening depending on the underlying cause. Here, our Memphis vets and team offer advice on the possible causes of constipation in dogs, and what to do if your dog is constipated.

(901) 362-8321 Contact